Increased severe anemia in HIV-1-exposed and HIV-1-positive infants and children during acute malaria. Academic Article uri icon


  • Since the primary hematological complication in both pediatric HIV-1 and malaria is anemia, co-infection with these pathogens may promote life-threatening severe malarial anemia (SMA). The primary objective of the study was to determine if HIV-1 exposure [HIV-1(exp)] and/or HIV-1 infection [HIV-1(+)] increased the prevalence of SMA in children with acute malaria.The effect of HIV-1 exposure and HIV-1 infection on the prevalence of SMA (hemoglobin < 6.0 g/dl), parasitemia (parasites/microl), and high-density parasitemia (HDP, >or= 10 000 parasites/mul) was investigated in children

publication date

  • January 1, 2006