Intratracheal adenoviral-mediated delivery of iNOS decreases pulmonary vasoconstrictor responses in rats. Academic Article uri icon


  • We hypothesized that adenovirus-mediated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene transduction of the lung would result in time-dependent iNOS overexpression and attenuate the vascular constrictor responses to a thromboxane mimetic, U-46619. Rats were treated via the trachea with surfactant alone (sham), surfactant containing an adenoviral construct with a cytomegalovirus promoter-regulated human iNOS gene (Adeno-iNOS), or an adenoviral construct without a gene insert (Adeno-Control). Adeno-iNOS-transduced rats demonstrated human iNOS mRNA and increased iNOS protein levels only in the lungs. Immunohistochemistry of lungs from Adeno-iNOS-treated animals demonstrated transgene expression in alveolar wall cells. In the lungs from Adeno-iNOS-transduced rats, the expression of iNOS protein and exhaled nitric oxide concentrations were increased on days 1-4 and 7 but returned to baseline values by day 14. The administration of the selective iNOS inhibitor L-N6-(1-iminoethyl)lysine dihydrochloride (L-NIL) decreased exhaled nitric oxide concentrations to levels found in Adeno-Control-transduced lungs. In a second group of rats, the segmental vasoconstrictor responses to U-46619 were determined in isolated, perfused lungs 3 days after transduction. Lungs from rats transduced with Adeno-iNOS had reduced total, arterial, and venous vasoconstrictor responses to U-46619 compared with sham, Adeno-Control, and control groups. In a third set of experiments, the response to 400 nM U-46619 in the presence of 10 microM L-NIL was not different in the isolated lungs from Adeno-Control- and Adeno-iNOS-transduced rats. We conclude that adenovirus-mediated iNOS gene transduction of the lung results in time-dependent iNOS overexpression, which attenuates the vascular constrictor responses to the thromboxane mimetic U-46619.

publication date

  • November 2004