- Three new DOTA-conjugated GnRH peptides with various hydrocarbon linkers were synthesized to evaluate the influences of the linkers on their receptor binding affinities. The hydrocarbon linker displayed a profound impact on the receptor binding affinities of DOTA-conjugated GnRH peptides. The Aun linker was better than Gaba, Ahx and Aoc linkers in retaining strong receptor binding affinity of the GnRH peptide. DOTA-Aun-(D-Lys(6)-GnRH) displayed 22.8 nM GnRH receptor binding affinity. (111)In-DOTA-Aun-(D-Lys(6)-GnRH) exhibited fast tumor uptake and urinary clearance in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer-xenografted nude mice. The cellular and biological results provided an insight into the design of new GnRH peptides in the future.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.