MTD-ADJ: a multiconformational minimal topologic difference for determining bioactive conformers using adjusted biological activities. Academic Article uri icon

start page

  • 133

end page

  • 146

abstract

  • The active conformation is part of a conformational mixture with experimental activity Yexp, and is used in QSAR studies to extract more information regarding the ligand-receptor interaction. To reflect the relative amount (alpha) of the active conformation, we adjust Yexp: Yadj = Yexp - log alpha. We establish a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) between Yadj and 3D conformational characteristics for the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) hydrolysis rates of 25 acetic esters. The 3D-QSAR model was obtained using the adjusted multiconformational minimal steric/topologic difference (MTD-ADJ) method, optimizing the receptor map based on Yadj for each conformer. Yadj was updated during each step of the optimization process. alpha and Yadj are based on the Boltzmann distribution calculated using AMI (MOPAC 6.0) relative energies of the COSMIC 90 derived conformers. The MTD-ADJ results are: (i) the 3D-QSAR models obtained by this procedure have significant statistical parameters and are similar to the unadjusted (MTD-MC, using Yexp) models; (ii) the selected bioactive conformations are extended, occupy cavity vertices and, for the same structures, have the same MTD value; and (iii) the optimized conformational map of the neutral ligands obtained from the MTD-ADJ model fits well in the active site of the crystallographic structure of AChE (from Torpedo californica). We propose a neutral ligands binding site model for AChE. Our results show that MTD-ADJ, which can be implemented in any 3D-QSAR method, is capable of providing additional information regarding the active conformations, and can be used to gain further insight into the ligand-receptor models for which no structural data are available.

date/time value

  • 1998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1023/A:1007913622673

PubMed Identifier

  • 9690173

volume

  • 12

number

  • 2

keywords

  • Acetylcholinesterase
  • Binding Sites
  • Ligands
  • Linear Models
  • Mathematical Computing
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Thermodynamics