Endothelin-1 but not angiotensin II contributes to functional aging in murine carotid arteries.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Aging is a major risk factor for carotid artery disease and stroke. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and angiotensin II (Ang II) are important modifiers of vascular disease, partly through increased activity of NADPH oxidase and vasoconstrictor prostanoids. Since the renin-angiotensin and endothelin systems become activated with age, we hypothesized that aging affects NADPH oxidase- and prostanoid-dependent contractions to ET-1 and Ang II.Carotid artery rings of young (4month-old) and old (24month-old) C57BL6 mice were pretreated with the NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME to exclude differential effects of NO. Contractions to ET-1 and Ang II were determined in the presence and absence of the NADPH oxidase-selective inhibitor gp91ds-tat or the thromboxane-prostanoid receptor antagonist SQ 29,548. Gene expression of endothelin and angiotensin receptors was measured by qPCR.Aging reduced ET-1-induced contractions and diminished ETA but increased ETB receptor gene expression levels. Gp91ds-tat inhibited contractions to ET-1 in young and to a greater extent in old animals, whereas SQ 29,548 had no effect. Ang II-induced contractions were weak compared to ET-1 and unaffected by aging, gp91ds-tat, and SQ 29,548. Aging had also no effect on AT1A and AT1B receptor gene expression levels.Aging in carotid arteries decreases ETA receptor gene expression and responsiveness to ET-1, which nevertheless becomes increasingly dependent upon NAPDH oxidase activity with age; responses to Ang II and gene expression of its receptors are however unaffected. These findings suggest that physiological aging differentially regulates functional responses to G protein-coupled receptor agonists and the signaling pathways associated with their activation.Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.