Mechanism of enhanced calcium sensitivity and alpha 2-AR vasoreactivity in chronic NOS inhibition hypertension. Academic Article uri icon


  • PKC augments calcium sensitivity in spontaneously hypertensive rats and contributes to alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor (AR) contraction in rabbit saphenous vein. We showed previously that denuded aortic rings from N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine-treated hypertensive rats (LHR) contract more to CaCl(2) and to the alpha(2)-AR agonist UK-14304 than do rings from normotensive rats (NR). We hypothesized that enhanced PKC activity or a change in PKC isoform contributes to augmented calcium sensitivity and enhanced alpha(2)-AR contraction in LHR aorta. Current studies demonstrate that non-isoform-specific PKC inhibitors reduced UK-14304 contraction in both NR and LHR aorta. However, the calcium-dependent PKC inhibitor Gö-6976 only attenuated contraction in LHR aorta. Additionally, UK-14304 translocated PKC-delta to the membrane in NR aorta, whereas PKC-alpha was translocated to the membrane in LHR aorta. Finally, in ionomycin-permeabilized aorta Gö-6976 eliminated enhanced basal and augmented alpha(2)-AR-stimulated calcium sensitivity in LHR aorta but did not affect NR contraction. Together, these data suggest that PKC-alpha contributes to augmented calcium sensitivity and alpha(2)-AR reactivity after chronic nitric oxide synthase inhibition hypertension.

publication date

  • January 2003