Sources of variation in estimates of lean body mass by creatinine kinetics and by methods based on body water or body mass index in patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis. Academic Article uri icon


  • We identified factors that account for differences between lean body mass computed from creatinine kinetics (LBM(cr)) and from either body water (LBM(V)) or body mass index (LBM(BMI)) in patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD).We compared the LBM(cr) and LBM(V) or LBM(BMI) in hypothetical subjects and actual CPD patients.We studied 439 CPD patients in Albuquerque, Pittsburgh, and Toronto, with 925 clearance studies.Creatinine production was estimated using formulas derived in CPD patients. Body water (V) was estimated from anthropometric formulas. We calculated LBM(BMI) from a formula that estimates body composition based on body mass index. In hypothetical subjects, LBM values were calculated by varying the determinants of body composition (gender, diabetic status, age, weight, and height) one at a time, while the other determinants were kept constant. In actual CPD patients, multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with differences in the estimates of LBM (LBM(cr)LBM(V). The differences in determinants of body composition between groups with high versus low LBM(cr) were similar in hypothetical and actual CPD patients. Multivariate analysis in actual CPD patients identified serum creatinine, height, age, gender, weight, and body mass index as predictors of the differences LBM(V)-LBM(cr) and LBM(BMI)-LBM(cr).Overhydration is not the sole factor accounting for the differences between LBM(cr) and either LBM(V) or LBM(BMI) in CPD patients. These differences also stem from the coefficients assigned to major determinants of body composition by the formulas estimating LBM.Published by Elsevier Inc.