Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein contributes to human antigen R and cyclin E1 deregulation in breast cancer.
Additional Document Info
The cell cycle regulator cyclin E1 is aberrantly expressed in a variety of human cancers. In breast cancer, elevated cyclin E1 correlates with poor outcome, as do high cytoplasmic levels of the stress-induced RNA-binding protein human antigen R (HuR). We showed previously that increased cytoplasmic HuR elevates cyclin E1 in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by stabilizing its mRNA. We show here that cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) co-regulates cyclin E1 with HuR in breast cancer cells. CIRP had been shown to interact with HuR in Xenopus laevis oocytes and to be decreased in endometrial cancer. To investigate if human CIRP and HuR co-regulate cyclin E1, HuR and CIRP levels were altered in MCF-7 cells and effects on cyclin E1 assessed. Altering HuR expression resulted in a reciprocal change in CIRP expression, while altering CIRP expression resulted in corresponding changes in HuR and cyclin E1 expression. CIRP and HuR co-precipitated in the presence of RNA and CIRP enhanced HuR binding to the cyclin E1 mRNA and increased cyclin E1 mRNA stability. CIRP co-localized with HuR predominantly in the nucleus, but also in discrete cytoplasmic foci identified as stress granules (SGs). CIRP overexpression increased the number of HuR-containing SGs, while its knockdown decreased them. Our results suggest that CIRP positively regulates HuR, ultimately resulting in increased protein synthesis of at least one of its targets.