CD43 regulates Th2 differentiation and inflammation.
Additional Document Info
CD43 is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein that regulates T cell activation. CD43(-/-) T cells are hyperproliferative and the cytoplasmic tail of CD43 has been found to be sufficient to reconstitute wild-type proliferation levels, suggesting an intracellular mechanism. In this study, we report that upon TCR ligation CD43(-/-) T cells demonstrated no increase in tyrosine phosphorylation but a decreased calcium flux. Interestingly, CD43(-/-) T cells preferentially differentiated into Th2 cells in vitro, and CD43(-/-) T cells show increased GATA-3 translocation into the nucleus. In vivo, CD43(-/-) mice exhibited increased inflammation in two separate models of Th2-mediated allergic airway disease. In contrast, in Th1-mediated diabetes, nonobese diabetic CD43(-/-) mice did not significantly differ from wild-type mice in disease onset or progression. Th1-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis to MOG(35-55) was also normal in the CD43(-/-) mice. Nonetheless, the CD43(-/-) mice produced more IL-5 when restimulated with MOG(35-55) in vitro and demonstrated decreased delayed-type hypersensitivity responses. Together, these data demonstrate that although CD43(-/-) T cells preferentially differentiate into Th2 cells, this response is not sufficient to protect against Th1-mediated autoimmune responses.