Size-discordant twin pairs have higher perinatal mortality rates than nondiscordant pairs.
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether size-discordant twin pairs have worse perinatal mortality and neonatal morbidity rates than nondiscordant pairs and whether the smaller twins of discordant pairs have worse perinatal outcomes than the larger twins.We conducted a population-based, retrospective analysis of linked birth certificates and fetal and infant death certificates for 9590 twin pairs who were born in the state of Washington from 1987 through 1999. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test, Student t test, and McNemar test were among the tests used to assess statistical significance.Discordant twin pairs had higher rates of perinatal mortality, neonatal mortality, and 5-minute Apgar scores of <7, even after stratification by gestational age. Discordant pairs had lower pair weights at each gestational age and were more likely to include small-for-gestational-age infants. Compared with the larger twins, the smaller twins of discordant pairs had higher rates of perinatal mortality.Discordant pairs had worse perinatal outcomes within each gestational age category.