On the detection of high frequency correlations in resting state fMRI.
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Current studies of resting-state connectivity rely on coherent signal fluctuations at frequencies below 0.1 Hz, however, recent studies using high-speed fMRI have shown that fluctuations above 0.5 Hz may exist. This study replicates the feasibility of measuring high frequency (HF) correlations in six healthy controls and a patient with a brain tumor while analyzing non-physiological signal sources via simulation. Resting-state data were acquired using a high-speed multi-slab echo-volumar imaging pulse sequence with 136 ms temporal resolution. Bandpass frequency filtering in combination with sliding window seed-based connectivity analysis using running mean of the correlation maps was employed to map HF correlations up to 3.7 Hz. Computer simulations of Rician noise and the underlying point spread function were analyzed to estimate baseline spatial autocorrelation levels in four major networks (auditory, sensorimotor, visual, and default-mode). Using seed regions based on Brodmann areas, the auditory and default-mode networks were observed to have significant frequency band dependent HF correlations above baseline spatial autocorrelation levels. Correlations in the sensorimotor network were at trend level. The auditory network was still observed using a unilateral single voxel seed. In the patient, HF auditory correlations showed a spatial displacement near the tumor consistent with the displacement seen at low frequencies. In conclusion, our data suggest that HF connectivity in the human brain may be observable with high-speed fMRI, however, the detection sensitivity may depend on the network observed, data acquisition technique, and analysis method.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.