Evaluation of cytotoxicity of new trans-palladium(II) complex in human cells in vitro.
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Studies of cytotoxicity allow to elucidate the mechanisms by which chemical compounds influence cells and tissues. On the basis of the structural analogy between platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes, a variety of studies on palladium(II) compounds as potential anticancer drugs have been carried out (1, 2). The cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. Abilities of trans-palladium(II) complex containing diethyl (pyridin-2-ylmethyl)phosphates as non-leaving ligands (trans-[PdCl2(2-pmOpe 2)]) to induce apoptosis and necrosis in normal lymphocytes, A549 cells and HT29 cell lines were performed by use of fluorochrome staining. The obtained results revealed, that the new trans-palladium(II) complex was more cytotoxic against A549 and HT29 tumor cells than on the normal lymphocytes in vitro. The novel complex induces apoptosis in all tested cells, but in lymphocytes to a lesser degree. The compound tested also induced significant amounts of necrotic cells, which exceeded the level of apoptotic cell fractions. The results demonstrate that the trans-Pd(II) complex showed substantial cytotoxic activity against A549 and HT29 tumor cells and indicate that the new trans-palladium(II) complex effectively inhibited cancer cells growth.