ADPKD: a human disease altering Golgi function and basolateral exocytosis in renal epithelia. Academic Article Case Study uri icon


  • Epithelial cells explanted from autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) tissue exhibit impaired exocytosis, specifically between the Golgi and basolateral membrane (Charron A, Nakamura B, Bacallo R, Wandinger-Ness A. Compromised cytoarchitecture and polarized trafficking in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease cells. J Cell Biol 2000; 148: 111-124.). Here the defect is shown to result in the accumulation of the basolateral transport marker vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) G protein in the Golgi complex. Golgi complex morphology is consequently altered in the disease cells, evident in the noticeable fenestration and dilation of the cisternae. Further detailed microscopic evaluation of normal kidney and ADPKD cells revealed that ineffective basolateral exocytosis correlated with modulations in the localization of select post-Golgi transport effectors. The cytosolic coat proteins p200/myosin II and caveolin exhibited enhanced association with the cytoskeleton or the Golgi of the disease cells, respectively. Most cytoskeletal components with known roles in vesicle translocation or formation were normally arrayed with the exception of Golgi beta-spectrin, which was less prevalent on vesicles. The rab8 GTPase, important for basolateral vesicle targeting, was redistributed from the perinuclear Golgi region to disperse vesicles in ADPKD cells. At the basolateral membrane of ADPKD cells, there was a notable loss of the exocyst components sec6/sec8 and an unidentified syntaxin. It is postulated that dysregulated basolateral transport effector function precipitates the disruption of basolateral exocytosis and dilation of the ADPKD cell Golgi as basolateral cargo accumulates within the cisternae.

publication date

  • January 1, 2000