High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I: is ethnicity relevant? Academic Article uri icon


  • To evaluate 99th percentile upper reference limits (URLs) and investigate ethnic differences for the Abbott Architect high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) in a middle-aged to elderly cosmopolitan population.In subjects without cardiovascular disease and after outlier exclusion, data on hs-cTnI from 149 white men, 150 white women, 150 South Asian (SA) men and 150 SA women in their sixth, seventh and eight decades were analysed. Each ethnicity-gender-decade subgroup consisted of 50 patients except white men in their sixth decade (n=49).The overall, women and men hs-cTnI 99th percentile URLs were 22.1, 17.9 and 24.8 ng/L, respectively. Median (IQR) hs-cTnI was higher in men (2.7 (1.8-4.1) ng/L) than in women (1.9 (1.1-3.2) ng/L; p<0.001). White men (3.2 (2.2-4.4) ng/L) had higher hs-cTnI than SA men (2.5 (1.6-3.6) ng/L; p<0.001), white women (2.1 (1.3-3.3) ng/L; p<0.001) and SA women (1.6 (1.0-3.0) ng/L; p<0.001). Hs-cTnI in white women was similar to SA women (p=0.07) and SA men (p=0.07). Patients in the eighth decade had higher hs-cTnI (p<0.05) than those in sixth decade within each ethnicity-gender subgroup. Of significant associations, age had the greatest impact on hs-cTnI followed by gender and then ethnicity.We report white-SA differences in hs-cTnI in men and a similar trend in women. We confirm age and gender differences in hs-cTnI, irrespective of ethnicity. Further studies are required to determine whether ethnicity-specific age and gender 99th percentile URLs improve detection or exclusion of myocardial injury.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

publication date

  • March 2021