Acute Kidney Injury is Associated with Poor Lung Outcomes in Infants Born ≥32 Weeks of Gestational Age.
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This study aimed to evaluate the association between acute kidney injury (AKI) and lung outcomes in infants born ≥32 weeks of gestational age (GA).Secondary analysis of infants ≥32 weeks of GA in the assessment of worldwide acute kidney injury epidemiology in neonates (AWAKEN) retrospective cohort (n = 1,348). We used logistic regression to assess association between AKI and a composite outcome of chronic lung disease (CLD) or death at 28 days of age and linear regression to evaluate association between AKI and duration of respiratory support.CLD occurred in 82/1,348 (6.1%) infants, while death occurred in 22/1,348 (1.6%); the composite of CLD/death occurred in 104/1,348 (7.7%). Infants with AKI had an almost five-fold increased odds of CLD/death, which remained after controlling for GA, maternal polyhydramnios, multiple gestations, 5-minute Apgar's score, intubation, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 4.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-7.4; p < 0.0001). Infants with AKI required longer duration of respiratory support (count ratio = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.14-2.23, p = 0.003) and oxygen (count ratio = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.22-1.68, p < 0.0001) compared with those without AKI.AKI is associated with CLD/death and longer duration of respiratory support in infants born at ≥32 weeks of GA. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the pathophysiologic relationship.Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.