Health-related quality of life as measured by the child health questionnaire in adolescents with bipolar disorder treated with olanzapine. Academic Article uri icon

start page

  • 1000

end page

  • 1005

abstract

  • To examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with bipolar disorder before and after double-blind treatment with olanzapine or placebo.Parents or legal guardians of 160 adolescents with a manic or mixed episode associated with bipolar I disorder were asked to rate their child's health using the Child Health Questionnaire-Parental Form 50 at baseline, before receiving medication, and then again at the end of participation in a 3-week double-blind placebo-controlled study of olanzapine.Adolescents in both treatment groups began and ended the study with significantly lower scores than normalized values of healthy peers on several HRQoL subscales (lower ratings indicate more impaired functioning), especially those assessing psychosocial factors. However, participants receiving olanzapine exhibited greater improvement than those in the placebo group across multiple HRQoL subscales, including the Behavior, Family activities, and Mental health subscales. Reduction in manic symptoms was associated with improvement in HRQoL values.As expected, manic adolescents with bipolar disorder exhibit abnormalities in psychosocial, rather than physical factors associated with HRQoL. Treatment with olanzapine had a greater effect on multiple domains of psychosocial functioning compared with placebo, suggesting that in addition to improving manic symptoms, pharmacologic interventions may lessen some of psychosocial deficits experienced by adolescents with bipolar disorder. However, following 3 weeks of treatment, adolescents with bipolar disorder continued to exhibit deficits in several aspects of psychosocial functioning, indicating that additional pharmacologic and psychosocial interventions may be necessary to further improve functional outcome.Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

date/time value

  • October 2012

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.comppsych.2012.03.010

PubMed Identifier

  • 22520085

volume

  • 53

number

  • 7

keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Quality of Life
  • Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome