A randomized, masked study of weekly erythropoietin dosing in preterm infants. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • To compare reticulocyte responses of once-per-week erythropoietin (EPO) dosing with 3-times-a-week dosing in preterm infants.Infants weighing ? 1500 g and ? 7 days of age were randomized to once-per-week EPO, 1200 U/kg/dose, or 3-times-a-week EPO, 400 U/kg/dose, subcutaneously for 4 weeks, along with iron and vitamin supplementation. Complete blood counts, absolute reticulocyte counts (ARCs), transfusions, phlebotomy losses, and adverse events were recorded.Twenty preterm infants (962 ± 55 g, 27.9 ± 0.4 weeks, 17 ± 3 days of age) were enrolled. Groups were similar at baseline. Infants in both groups had increased ARCs, which were similar between treatment groups at the start and end of 4 weeks. Hematocrit remained stable, and similar numbers of transfusions were administered. No adverse effects of either dosing schedule were noted.Preterm infants respond to weekly EPO by increasing ARCs and maintaining hematocrit. We speculate that once-per-week EPO dosing might be beneficial to preterm infants requiring increased erythropoiesis.Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2012