Disseminated Mycobacterium marinum in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Unmasked by Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome. Academic Article uri icon


  • Distinguishing disseminated Mycobacterium marinum from multifocal cutaneous disease in persons with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS can present a diagnostic challenge, especially in the context of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). In this work, we demonstrate the utility of flow cytometry and whole genome sequencing (WGS) to diagnose disseminated M. marinum unmasked by IRIS following initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Flow cytometry demonstrated robust cytokine production by CD4 T cells in response to stimulation with M. marinum lysate. WGS of isolates from distinct lesions was consistent with clonal dissemination, supporting that preexisting disseminated M. marinum disease was uncovered by inflammatory manifestations, consistent with unmasking mycobacterial IRIS.Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020.

publication date

  • August 2021