Pharmacologic treatments for women with addictions.
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Physicians have a growing array of pharmacotherapies available for the treatment of substance use disorders. These medications are of central importance in the treatment of opioid and nicotine dependence and are of growing importance in the treatment of alcohol and stimulant dependence. Pharmacotherapy alone is rarely sufficient treatment for substance use disorder; appropriate psychosocial treatment or mutual help (eg, 12-step) participation is almost always indicated whether or not pharmacotherapy is used. Specialized facilities, licensing, and training are necessary for the use of some of the pharmacotherapies discussed in this article. The obstetrician gynecologist must determine the scope of his or her own practice in this area (ie, when to treat and when to refer) based on interest, training and experience, and available resources.