- The invasion of host cells by the intracellular protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi requires interactions with host cell molecules, and the replication of the parasite requires escape from a parasitophorous vacuole into the host cell cytosol. Galectin-3, a member of β-galactosidase-binding lectin family, has numerous extracellular and intracellular functions. In this study, we investigated the role of galectin-3 during the invasion and intracellular trafficking of T. cruzi extracellular amastigotes (EAs). Endogenous galectin-3 from mouse peritoneal macrophages accumulated around the pathogen during cell invasion by EAs. In addition, galectin-3 accumulated around parasites after their escape from the parasitophorous vacuole. Thus, galectin-3 behaved as a novel marker of phagolysosome lysis during the infection of host cells by T. cruzi.