The effect of haemolysis on the direct and indirect ion selective electrode measurement of sodium.
Additional Document Info
We compared the effect of haemolysis in sodium measurement using indirect and direct ion-selective electrodes to test the hypothesis that haemolytic effect on sodium would be greater with indirect ion-selective electrode due to electrolyte exclusion effect from released intracellular proteins.Plasma lithium heparin samples (n = 36) from four volunteers were prepared to give a range of haemolytic indices (H-indices). Samples were analysed for sodium by indirect ion-selective electrode, H-index and total protein on an Abbott Architect c16000 and sodium by direct ion-selective electrode on a Siemens RAPIDPoint 500. Percentage changes in sodium in paired direct and indirect ion-selective electrode values were compared.Abbott H-index, which represents haemoglobin concentration in g/L, correlated with percentage negative change in sodium by direct ion-selective electrode (ρ 0.995, P < 0.001) and indirect ion-selective electrode (ρ 0.991, P < 0.001). Percentage negative change was less when sodium was measured by direct ion-selective electrode compared to indirect ion-selective electrode (Wilcoxon signed-rank Z = 3.46, P = 0.01). The difference in percentage change in sodium between direct ion-selective electrode and indirect ion-selective electrode correlated with total protein (ρ 0.751, P < 0.001). The negative bias in sodium results exceeded the reference change value of 2.2% at an H-index of 8.31 for indirect ion-selective electrode and 9.26 for direct ion-selective electrode.Haemolysis causes negative influence with sodium measured by both indirect and direct ion-selective electrode due to a dilutional hyponatremia. The additional interference in indirect ion-selective electrode is due to the electrolyte exclusion effect but this is unlikely to be clinically significant as it is small in magnitude.