Oxidized LDL and AGE-LDL in circulating immune complexes strongly predict progression of carotid artery IMT in type 1 diabetes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Over 90% of modified LDL in circulation is associated to specific antibodies circulating as part of immune complexes (IC); however, few studies have examined their relationship with cardiovascular disease.We report the relationship between circulating concentrations of IC of oxidized LDL (oxLDL-IC), malondialdehyde-LDL (MDA-LDL-IC) and advanced glycation end products-LDL (AGE-LDL-IC) and progression of atherosclerosis over a 12 year period in 467 individuals with type 1 diabetes who participated in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) and the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study. OxLDL-IC, AGE-LDL-IC and MDA-LDL-IC levels were measured at DCCT closeout. Internal carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT) was measured at EDIC follow-up years 1, 6 and 12.OxLDL-IC, AGE-LDL-IC and MDA-LDL-IC levels were significantly correlated with age, lipid levels, blood pressure levels and albumin excretion rates. Levels of oxLDL, AGE-LDL and MDA-LDL in isolated LDL-IC were highly inter-correlated (r = 0.66-0.84, P < 0.0001). After adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors individuals in the upper quartile of oxLDL-IC had a 2.98-fold increased odds (CI: 1.34, 6.62) of having IMT ≥ 1.00 mm and had a 5.13-fold increased odds (CI: 1.98, 13.3) of having significant IMT progression, relative to those in the lowest quartile. Parallel odds ratios for AGE-LDL-IC were 2.95 (CI: 1.37, 6.34) and 3.50 (CI: 1.38, 8.86), while results for MDA-LDL-IC were 1.76 (0.87, 3.56) and 2.86 (1.20, 6.81).Our study indicates that high levels of oxLDL-IC and AGE-LDL-IC are important predictors of carotid intima-medial thickening in patients with type 1 diabetes.Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

publication date

  • December 2013