Olanzapine versus haloperidol in the treatment of acute mania: clinical outcomes, health-related quality of life and work status.
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We aimed to compare clinical outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and work status associated with olanzapine and haloperidol treatment in patients with bipolar disorder. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial, comparing flexible dosing of olanzapine (5-20 mg/day, n = 234) to haloperidol (3-15 mg/day, n = 219), consisted of a 6-week acute phase, followed by a 6-week continuation phase. Symptomatic remission rates were similar for olanzapine- and haloperidol-treated patients at weeks 6 and 12. At week 6, significant changes in five dimensions of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) [general health (P = 0.010), physical functioning (P < 0.001), role limitations due to physical problems (P < 0.001), social functioning (P < 0.05) and vitality (P < 0.01)] and the SF-36 physical components summary score were found in favour of olanzapine compared to haloperidol. At week 12, olanzapine treatment maintained the significantly favourable HRQOL changes. At the end of week 12, patients on olanzapine showed significantly greater improvement than haloperidol in work activities impairment and household activities impairment scores on the Streamlined Longitudinal Interview Clinical Evaluation from the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (SLICE/LIFE) activities impairment scores. Subgroup analyses revealed that olanzapine treatment significantly increased a proportion of employed patients and their weekly paid working hours. In conclusion, compared to haloperidol, olanzapine treatment was comparably effective in the remission of bipolar mania and significantly improved HRQOL and work status in patients with bipolar I disorder.