Effects of endothelin-3 on intestinal ion transport.
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We investigated the effects of endothelin 3 (ET-3) on electrolyte transport in rat small intestine using a voltage clamp technique in Ussing's chamber. ET-3 diminished potential difference (PD) and short circuit current (Isc). ET-3 did not affect PD or Isc in low Na(+) and/or D-glucose-free medium. Phloridzine (an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter [SGLT1]) pretreatment abolished the effect of ET-3 on Isc. Methylene blue (a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor) or N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (a NOS inhibitor) pretreatment delayed the effect of ET-3 on PD and Isc. ET-3 enhanced NOS activity on enterocytes and systemic NO production. Then, ET-3 could inhibit SGLT1 with the participation of NO.