Recommendations on prevention and screening for colorectal cancer in Hong Kong.
Additional Document Info
Colorectal cancer is the commonest cancer in Hong Kong. The Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening was established in 2002 under the Cancer Coordinating Committee to review local and international scientific evidence, assess and formulate local recommendations on cancer prevention and screening. At present, the Cancer Expert Working Group recommends that average-risk individuals aged 50 to 75 years and without significant family history consult their doctors to consider screening by: (1) annual or biennial faecal occult blood test, (2) sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, or (3) colonoscopy every 10 years. Increased-risk individuals with significant family history such as those with a first-degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age ≤60 years; those who have more than one first-degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer irrespective of age at diagnosis; or carriers of genetic mutations associated with familial adenomatous polyposis or Lynch syndrome should start colonoscopy screening earlier in life and repeat it at shorter intervals.