Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole Transmembrane Clearance during Modeled Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy. Academic Article uri icon


  • There is limited data regarding trimethoprim (TMP)/sulfamethoxazole (SMX) continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) dosing. We aimed to estimate TMP/SMX transmembrane clearance (CLtm) during continuous hemofiltration (CH) and continuous hemodialysis (CD) to guide dosing.Using an in vitro model, TMP/SMX sieving coefficients (SC) and saturation coefficients (SA) were determined with high-flux polyarylethersulfone and polyacrylonitrile-sodium methallyl sulfonate copolymer hemodiafilters at ultrafiltration/dialysate rates of 1, 2, 3, and 6 l/h. TMP/SMX CLtm was calculated using measured SC and SA. TMP/SMX CRRT doses were modeled using CLtm and published TMP/SMX pharmacokinetic parameters.TMP SC/SA during CH/CD were significantly higher than SMX SC/SA. During modeling, TMP 10 mg/kg/day and its corresponding SMX dose, 50 mg/kg/day, resulted in steady state TMP/SMX peak concentrations associated with efficacy against Pneumocystis jirovecii.CRRT resulted in greater TMP CLtm than SMX. TMP 10 mg/kg/day divided q12h may be an appropriate initial dose to consider in patients undergoing CRRT. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014