Distal tibia allograft for glenohumeral instability: does radius of curvature match?
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A distal tibia osteochondral allograft is a potential graft option for glenoid reconstruction because the distal tibia may have a similar radius of curvature (ROC) as the glenoid. This study evaluated ROC mismatch as measured on computed tomography (CT) scans between the glenoid, distal tibia, and humeral head.Bilateral CT images were formatted for 10 decedents from the Office of the Medical Investigator database, giving 20 specimens per anatomic location. The ROCs of the glenoid, distal tibia, and humeral head were measured. A statistical model was generated to assess ROC mismatch of randomly paired distal tibias and glenoids.The mean ± standard deviation ROC was 2.9 ± 0.25 cm for the glenoid, 2.3 ± 0.21 cm for the distal tibia, and 2.5 ± 0.12 cm for the humeral head. No differences were found in laterality, intraobserver, or interobserver measurements. The least-squares difference in the ROC between the glenoid and tibia was 0.57 cm, glenoid and humerus was 0.40 cm, and humerus and tibia was 0.17 cm. Only 22% of randomly paired distal tibias and glenoids had a difference in ROC of 0.3 cm or less.CT measurement of the ROC of the glenoid, distal tibia, and humeral head is reliable and reproducible. The probability of obtaining a random distal tibia allograft with a similar ROC to the glenoid is low. Obtaining ROC measurements of the injured glenoid and the distal tibia allograft specimen before use for glenoid reconstruction may be useful.Copyright © 2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.