Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Plus Etoposide/Cisplatin for Patients With Limited Advanced Unresectable Thymic Epithelial Tumors: A Prospective Phase 2 Study. Academic Article uri icon


  • This prospective phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of intensity modulated radiation therapy plus etoposide/cisplatin (EP) for patients with unresectable thymic epithelial tumors (TETs).Patients with limited advanced unresectable TETs whose lesions could be encompassed within radiation fields were enrolled in this study. Two cycles of EP (75 mg/m2 etoposide and 25 mg/m2 cisplatin on days 1-3 and days 29-31) were administered concurrently with radiation therapy, followed by 2 cycles after radiation therapy. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate. The secondary endpoints were the progression-free survival rate, overall survival rate, and incidence of adverse events.Fifty-six patients were enrolled between June 2011 and May 2018. Twenty-two and 34 patients had thymomas and thymic carcinomas, respectively. The median age was 52 (range, 21-76) years, and 30 patients (53.6%) were men. Eight patients (14.3%) had stage III tumors, 6 (10.7%) had stage IVA tumors, and 42 (75.0%) had stage IVB tumors. The objective response rate was 85.7% (95% confidence interval, 76.3%-95.2%). With a median follow-up of 46 (range, 7-101) months, the 1-, 2-, and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 66.1%, 48.0%, and 29.5%, and the 1-, 2-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 91.0%, 76.2%, and 56.2%, respectively. The most common grade 3 to 4 adverse event was leukopenia (42.9%). Pulmonary fibrosis was also observed (5.3%).Because intensity modulated radiation therapy with EP is effective and safe for limited advanced unresectable TETs, it could be a suitable treatment option for such patients.Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • December 2020