Early growth response 1 and fatty acid synthase expression is altered in tumor adjacent prostate tissue and indicates field cancerization. Academic Article uri icon

start page

  • 1159

end page

  • 1170

abstract

  • Field cancerization denotes the occurrence of molecular alterations in histologically normal tissues adjacent to tumors. In prostate cancer, identification of field cancerization has several potential clinical applications. However, prostate field cancerization remains ill defined. Our previous work has shown up-regulated mRNA of the transcription factor early growth response 1 (EGR-1) and the lipogenic enzyme fatty acid synthase (FAS) in tissues adjacent to prostate cancer.Immunofluorescence data were analyzed quantitatively by spectral imaging and linear unmixing to determine the protein expression levels of EGR-1 and FAS in human cancerous, histologically normal adjacent, and disease-free prostate tissues.EGR-1 expression was elevated in both structurally intact tumor adjacent (1.6× on average) and in tumor (3.0× on average) tissues compared to disease-free tissues. In addition, the ratio of cytoplasmic versus nuclear EGR-1 expression was elevated in both tumor adjacent and tumor tissues. Similarly, FAS expression was elevated in both tumor adjacent (2.7× on average) and in tumor (2.5× on average) compared to disease-free tissues.EGR-1 and FAS expression is similarly deregulated in tumor and structurally intact adjacent prostate tissues and defines field cancerization. In cases with high suspicion of prostate cancer but negative biopsy, identification of field cancerization could help clinicians target areas for repeat biopsy. Field cancerization at surgical margins on prostatectomy specimen should also be looked at as a predictor of cancer recurrence. EGR-1 and FAS could also serve as molecular targets for chemoprevention.Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

date/time value

  • 2012

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/pros.22465

PubMed Identifier

  • 22127986

volume

  • 72

number

  • 11

keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Early Growth Response Protein 1
  • Fatty Acid Synthetase Complex
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostate
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured