Expanded Criteria Donor Kidneys With Kidney Donor Profile Index ≤ 85%: Are We Doing Enough to Counsel Our Patients? Academic Article uri icon


  • Kidneys at higher risk for allograft failure are defined by the Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) > 85% in the current kidney allocation system (KAS), replacing the historical concept of expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidneys in the previous KAS. Discrepancies exist in the classification of "high-risk kidneys" between the 2 KAS. In the current KAS, only recipients of KDPI > 85% kidneys are counseled about the high risk of allograft failure and are required to sign a consent. In this study, we evaluated the outcomes and allocation of kidneys with discordant classification.Using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, kidneys transplanted between 01/2002 and 09/2016 were classified according to the old (standard criteria donor [SCD]/ECD) and current (KDPI) KAS. We then grouped them as concordant (KDPI ≤ 85% + SCD or KDPI > 85% + ECD) and discordant (KDPI ≤ 85% + ECD or KDPI > 85% + SCD) kidneys.Approximately 11% of transplanted kidneys were discordant in classification. Among kidneys with KDPI ≤ 85%, ECD status conferred a 64% (95% CI: 56%-73%) higher risk of allograft failure compared to SCD status. However, SCD/ECD status was not associated with differential outcomes in KDPI > 85% kidneys. These ECD kidneys have KDPIs > 50% and have been transplanted across all estimated post-transplant survival (EPTS) deciles.Adequate counseling about the risk and benefit of accepting ECD kidneys with KDPI ≤ 85% versus waiting on dialysis should be explored with the patients, especially those with lower EPTS.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • December 2020