Long-term follow-up of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a rural veteran patient population.
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The endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVARs) requires follow-up to detect and treat late complications.Two hundred eleven patients underwent EVAR for infrarenal, nonruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms from 1999 to 2010 at the Raymond G. Murphy VA Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM. A retrospective review examined patient demographics, comorbidities, the distance the patient lived from the facility, early and late complications, and the device implanted. Statistical analysis included the chi-square test for independence, the Fisher exact test, and the 2-sample Mann-Whitney U test for means.The mean time from the operation to the first complication was 21 months (standard deviation = 20 months) with a mean follow-up of 48 months (standard deviation = 36 months). The late complication rate was 22.8% (54 patients). Sixteen percent did not require any reinterventions, 57% were treated with percutaneous interventions, and 27% required an open surgical procedure. No single comorbidity, combination of comorbidities, distance the patient lived from the facility, or device implanted was predictive of complications.EVAR follow-up is essential to detect complications. When complications occur, the majority occur well after the initial treatment, and most can be treated with minimally invasive percutaneous techniques.Published by Elsevier Inc.