Genetic risk factors for decreased bone mineral accretion in children with asthma receiving multiple oral corticosteroid bursts. Academic Article uri icon


  • Long-term intermittent oral corticosteroid (OCS) use in children with asthma leads to significant decreases in bone mineral accretion (BMA).We aimed to identify genetic factors influencing OCS dose effects on BMA in children with asthma.We first performed a gene-by-OCS interaction genome-wide association study (GWAS) of BMA in 489 white participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program trial who took short-term oral prednisone bursts when they experienced acute asthma exacerbations. We selected the top-ranked 2000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the GWAS and determined whether these SNPs also had cis-regulatory effects on dexamethasone-induced gene expression in osteoblasts.We identified 2 SNPs (rs9896933 and rs2074439) associated with decreased BMA and related to the tubulin γ pathway. The rs9896933 variant met the criteria for genome-wide significance (P = 3.15 × 10(-8) in the GWAS) and is located on the intron of tubulin folding cofactor D (TBCD) gene. The rs2074439 variant (P = 2.74 × 10(-4) in the GWAS) showed strong cis-regulatory effects on dexamethasone-induced tubulin γ gene expression in osteoblasts (P = 8.64 × 10(-4)). Interestingly, we found that BMA worsened with increasing prednisone dose as the number of mutant alleles of the 2 SNPs increased.We have identified 2 novel tubulin γ pathway SNPs, rs9896933 and rs2074439, showing independent interactive effects with cumulative corticosteroid dose on BMA in children with asthma receiving multiple OCS bursts.Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • May 2015