Improving Nurse Self-Efficacy and Increasing Continuous Labor Support With the Promoting Comfort in Labor Safety Bundle. Academic Article uri icon


  • To increase nurse self-efficacy and the use of continuous labor support and to reduce the rate of primary cesareans among nulliparous women with low-risk pregnancies by implementing the Promoting Comfort in Labor safety bundle.A quality improvement project with a pre-post practice implementation design. This practice change was part of the Reducing Primary Cesarean Learning Collaborative from the American College of Nurse-Midwives.A Level II regional hospital in Virginia with more than 2,600 births annually. Births are attended by certified nurse-midwives and physicians.Nursing staff on the labor and delivery unit in March 2016 (n = 27), September 2017 (n = 20), and June 2019 (n = 24).We updated policies, educated nurses, procured labor support equipment, and modified documentation of care. We measured nurse confidence and skill in labor support techniques with the Self-Efficacy Labor Support Scale over 4 years. We tracked how many women were provided continuous labor support and the primary cesarean birth rate among women who were nulliparous and low risk.Nurses' mean self-efficacy scores increased from 76.67 in 2016 to 86.96 in 2019 (p < .001). The proportion of women who were provided continuous labor support increased from a baseline of 4.38% (47/1,074) in January 2015 through March 2016 to 18.06% (82/454) in July through December 2019 (p < .001). The primary cesarean birth rate for nulliparous women with low-risk pregnancies remained stable, at approximately 18% from 2015 to 2019.Implementation of the Comfort in Labor Safety Bundle improved nurse self-efficacy in labor support techniques and increased the frequency of continuous labor support.Copyright © 2021 AWHONN, the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • December 2021