Oral bioavailability of pantoprazole suspended in sodium bicarbonate solution.
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The bioavailability of pantoprazole when administered as a suspension in sodium bicarbonate solution and as the oral tablet was studied. In an open-label, randomized, two-period crossover study, healthy fasting subjects received either one enteric-coated 40-mg pantoprazole tablet by mouth with 240 mL of water or 20 mL of a suspension prepared from one crushed pantoprazole tablet and 840 mg of sodium bicarbonate solution and administered via a nasogastric tube. Treatments were separated by a 48-hour washout period. Blood samples were collected at intervals up to 24 hours after drug administration for measurement of pantoprazole concentration by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and estimation of pharmacokinetic values. A separate study was conducted to determine pantoprazole's stability in the suspension for up to three months at 25, 5, and -20 degrees C; concentrations were measured by HPLC. Twelve subjects completed the study. The suspension yielded pantoprazole Cmax values similar to those of the tablet formulation, but the drug was 25% less bioavailable. There was no lag time for the suspension. The suspension was stable for up to two weeks at 5 degrees C and up to three months at -20 degrees C. A suspension of pantoprazole in sodium bicarbonate solution yielded a Cmax similar to that of the tablet formulation, and the drug was quickly absorbed. However, bio-availability was slightly lower with the suspension than with the tablet.