Iohexol Transmembrane Clearance during Modeled Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy. Academic Article uri icon


  • Urea clearance during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is not representative of middle molecular weight solute clearances. We aimed to characterize iohexol, molecular weight 821 Da, clearance during continuous hemofiltration (CH) and continuous hemodialysis (CHD).Using an in vitro model, iohexol sieving coefficients (SC) and saturation coefficients (SA) were determined with the M100 membrane at ultrafiltration/dialysate rates of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 l/h. Iohexol transmembrane clearance was calculated using the measured SC and SA.During CH, the value of iohexol SC remained approximately 1 at all ultrafiltration rates studied. In contrast, during CHD iohexol the mean SA was 1.02 ± 0.05 at a dialysate rate 1 l/h and decreased significantly with higher dialysate rates to a mean SA of 0.57 ± 0.12 at a dialysate rate of 6 l/h.At higher effluent flow rates, CH was more effective in removing iohexol than CHD. CH transmembrane clearance of iohexol appears to approximate the ultrafiltration rate. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

publication date

  • March 2015